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Speech Disorders

What are Speech Disorders? Types of speech disordersHow you know that you have this problem? And what is the treatment? You will get the answers to these questions here.

What are Speech Disorders?

It is a type of communication disorder. In this type of disease, there is an effect on ordinary speech.

Means person has problems in creating speech sounds. It is different from the language disorders.

So, a person is not able to create speech sounds, then it is difficult to understand him/her.

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Types of Speech Disorders

Stuttering

Stuttering

Stuttering is a disorder of speech characterized by the repetition of sounds, letters, or words. The length of the voices and the barriers to speech are known as blocks.

The stutter person knows what he/she wants to say. He has trouble creating the normal flow of speech.

This type of Speech disorders can be accompanied by conflicting behaviours, such as blinking eyes or blinking lips.

This type of speech disorder can make it challenging to communicate with other people.

The symptoms of a Stuttering can vary depending on the situation. Stuttering becomes more intense due to stress, excitement, or frustration.

Some people may find that certain words or sounds can make hesitation even clearer. This type of disorder is mostly in children of age 2 to 6, but it can effect the people of all ages.

There are two main types of stuttering.

Developmental stuttering: It affects young children who are still learning speech and language skills. Genetic factors significantly increase a person’s chances of developing such a disorder.
Neurogenic stuttering: It occurs when damage to the brain prevents proper coordination between different regions of the brain that play a role in speech.

Treatment

Although there is currently no cure for this type of speech disorders , there are a variety of treatments available.

The nature of the behavior will vary depending on a person’s age, communication goals and other factors.

If you or your child is stuttering, it is essential to work with a speech-language pathologist to determine the best treatment options.

Dysarthria

Dysarthria

Dysarthria is a type of speech disorders which occurs due to damage to the brain, which causes muscle weakness in the face, lips, tongue, throat or chest. Due to Muscle weakness, it is very difficult to speak.

People with dysarthria may experience the following symptoms:

  • Ambiguous speech
  • Is messing up
  • Speak too slowly or too quickly
  • Soft or silent speech
  • Difficulty moving the mouth or tongue.

Treatment

  • Slowing down your speech.
  • Using more breath to speak louder.
  • Making your mouth muscles stronger.
  • Moving your lips and tongue more.
  • Saying sounds clearly in words and sentences.
  • Using other ways to communicate, like gestures, writing, or using computers. This is augmentative and alternative communication, or AAC.

Causes of Speech Disorders

  • Muscular weakness
  • A tribal disease, such as Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Dementia
  • Cancer that affects the mouth or throat
  • Autism
  • down syndrome
  • Hearing loss

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Treatment for Speech Disorders

The type of treatment will usually depend on the severity of the speech impediment and its underlying cause.

Treatment options may include:

Speech therapy exercises that shed light on familiarity with certain words or sounds
Physical exercises that focus on strengthening the muscles that produce speech sounds.

Target Selection

Target selection involves practicing specific sounds or words to familiarize oneself with specific speech patterns.

Examples of therapy goals may include difficult words or sounds that interfere with speech.

Oral Motor Therapy

The oral motor therapy approach focuses on improving muscle strength. It also focus on motor control, and respiratory control.

These exercises help people develop fluency. It leads to smoother speech that sounds more natural.

Medication

Some speech disorders can cause people anxiety disorders. Anxious situations can trigger anxiety, which makes the symptoms of speech impairment more pronounced.

Anxiety medications can help reduce the symptoms of speech impairment in some people.

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